• Hold down Ctrl key and select the sections you want to print. If using a Mac, hold down the Cmd key.
  • Use Ctrl + A or on Mac, Cmd + A to select all sections (if you are using the Chrome browser).
  • Click "Apply" and the site will customise your print guide in the preview below.
  • Click the "Print" button and a print pop up should appear to print to your printer of choice.

Moving to Finland

Finland is the easternmost of the Nordic countries and one of the largest countries in Europe. As Finland’s capital and busiest port, Helsinki spills across a group of Baltic islands and promontories, and its smart new suburbs extend into the surrounding forests and countryside. The city is one of Europe’s most modern and culturally progressive places, yet remains in touch with an intriguing history that stretches back over 450 years. 

It may take expats living in Finland a while to adapt to cultural differences. The general perception is that Finns are a reserved and quiet people, although this isn't always the case with the younger generations. Small talk, a skill which Finns are notoriously lacking, is sometimes considered with suspicion. Expats would do well to learn Finnish before relocating to the country.

Homeownership rates in Finland are high, and expats moving to Finland will find that housing there has all the modern conveniences. However, housing projects and individual homes tend to be small-scale by international standards.

The most important factor affecting housing costs in Finland is the shortage of reasonably priced housing available in the metropolitan areas. This often forces families with children to live in the outlying municipalities or even further, resulting in long and expensive journeys to work, increased dependence on cars and limited access to services.

Healthcare in Finland is mainly provided on the basis of residency and is primarily financed with general tax revenues. There are both public and private sector providers. Primary health services are generally the responsibility of individual municipalities and are provided through local health centres. Each municipality has a health centre, with the exception of some small municipalities, which may share resources with a neighbouring area. In addition, there are a few private as well as some state-owned hospitals.

Education is mandatory in Finland and school attendance is compulsory for all children, including foreign citizens who reside permanently in Finland. Most major cities in Finland have good quality local and international schools, but are likely to have a waiting list. For these reasons, it is vital to start looking for a school as early as possible.

Overall, expats who are willing to make an effort to adapt to local culture will find that life in Finland offers them a unique insight into Scandinavian and European lifestyles.

Essential Info for Finland

Population: Around 5.5 million

Capital city: Helsinki

Neighbouring countries: Finland is bordered by Sweden to the west, Norway to the north and Russia to the east.

Geography: Finland's terrain is mostly flat, with almost 70 percent of the country covered in dense forest. In Lapland, to the north, are low mountains and further south lies the Åland archipelago. Eastern Finland is littered with thousands of lakes.

Political system: Unitary parliamentary republic

Major religions: Christianity

Main language: Finnish 

Money: The currency used in Finland is the Euro (EUR), which can be divided into 100 cents. ATMs and card facilities are readily available throughout the country's urban centres. 

Time: GMT +2 (GMT +3 between March and October.)

Electricity: 230 V, 50Hz. Plugs with two round pins are used throughout the country.

Internet domain: .fi 

International dialing code: +358

Emergency contacts: 112

Transport: Finns drive on the right-hand side of the road, and the country boasts an enthusiastic car culture. Major centres such as Helsinki have excellent public transport systems and inter-city trains are efficient and accessible.

Embassy Contacts for Finland

Finnish embassies

Embassy of Finland, Washington DC, United States: +1 202 298 5800

Embassy of Finland, London, United Kingdom: +44 20 7838 6200

Embassy of Finland, Ottawa, Canada: +1 613 288 2233

Embassy of Finland, Canberra, Australia: +61 2 6273 3800

Embassy of Finland, Pretoria, South Africa: +27 12 343 0275

Embassy of Finland, Dublin, Ireland: +353 1 478 1344

Consulate-General of Finland, Wellington, New Zealand: +64 4 924 3416

Foreign embassies in Finland

United States Embassy, Helsinki: +358 9 616 250

British Embassy, Helsinki: +358 9 2286 5100

Canadian Embassy, Helsinki: +358 9 228 530

Australian Embassy, Helsinki: +358 10 42 04 492

South African Embassy, Helsinki: +358 9 6860 3100

Irish Embassy, Helsinki: +358 9 682 4240

Public Holidays in Finland




New Year's Day

1 January

1 January


6 January

6 January

Good Friday

10 April

2 April

Easter Monday

13 April

5 April

May Day

1 May

1 May

Ascension Day

21 May

13 May


23 June

26 June

Independence Day

6 December

6 December

Christmas Eve

24 December

24 December

Christmas Day

25 December

25 December

Boxing Day

26 December

26 December