Weather in Iraq

The climate in Iraq varies depending on which part of the country one lives in. The bulk of Iraq, including Baghdad, is made up of mostly desert. This makes the climate hot and dry. Conversely, northeast Iraq is mountainous. Its higher elevation allows for cooler temperatures and more rainfall. 

The desert regions of Iraq really only experiences two seasons. The summer months are from May to October. These months are characterised by high temperatures, clear skies, low humidity and very little rainfall. Average temperatures are around 90°F (32°C) but can reach as high as 118°F (48°C). Winters are milder with some rainfall. Winter temperatures range from 36°F (2°C) to 60°F (16°C). The temperature during the coldest winter nights is often below freezing. 

In the northeast, the summer lasts from June to September. Summers are generally dry and hot but far cooler than those in the desert region. Winters are long, cold and wetter than in other regions. Temperatures range between 24ºF (-4ºC) and 63ºF (17ºC).

A notable weather condition found in Iraq are dust storms that occur throughout the year. The storms vary in intensity and can reduce visibility considerably.