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Expats planning to relocate to Egypt can take long-johns and winter jackets off the packing list. The country is situated nearly entirely in the Sahara Desert, with the exception of the narrow strip of coastline that borders the Mediterranean, and the climate is therefore hot and dry pretty much year-round.
The blistering heat of summer (June to August) is slightly more tolerable in the coastal region, but the average maximum temperature in this area is still 30°C (86°F). Expats living inland will experience much hotter summer temperatures, with 40°C (104°F) being standard in the warmest areas such as Aswan and Luxor. In winter, temperatures fall back down to a more bearable 20°C to 26°C (68°F to 79°F), and this time of the year also brings rainfall to the coast.
Expats should note that, typical of a desert climate, nighttime temperatures in Egypt can drop considerably despite the intensity of the heat during the day. This is especially true of mountainous areas and expats should be sure to have some light but warm layers on hand.
One unique component of weather in Egypt is the khamasīn. This hot spring wind begins to sweep across northern Africa towards the end of March and peaks over April and into May, lasting about 50 days. Sand and dust are picked up by high winds and tend to irritate eyes and obscure visibility. These winds are largely responsible for the drastic increase in temperature in some cities during this time of year. The khamasīn can cause temperatures to soar as high as 45°C (113°F), and this can make conditions especially dangerous.
The weather in Egypt can be hard to adjust to and expats should take measures to stay hydrated. It is important to drink only bottled water, though, as tap water is not safe to drink everywhere in the country. Sunscreen and light breathable clothing are also recommended, and if possible, it's best to stay indoors during the hottest hours of the day.