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Transport and driving in Angola are some of the most challenging aspects of living in the country. Much of the road infrastructure was destroyed and neglected during years of conflict, and despite efforts to rebuild, much of the network is still riddled with potholes and little is paved.
Public transport in Angola
Angolan public transport is largely comprised of poorly maintained blue-and-white minivan taxis or buses that are known for their reckless driving as they careen in and out of the gridlocked city traffic.
There are a few privately-owned taxi companies in Luanda, but cabs are not common on the city streets. Uber does not have a presence in Angola, although there is a local company called Kubinga that uses the same remote ride-hailing model as Uber.
Due to poor safety standards, expats rarely use public transport in Angola, rather opting for a vehicle and a driver.
Driving in Angola
Many roads in Angola can’t be negotiated without a four-wheel-drive vehicle, and factors such as wandering livestock and heavily overloaded vehicles mean that expecting the unexpected is the best course of action.
The majority of companies provide a car and driver, and cover maintenance and fuel costs of their senior expat employees. Alternatively, companies may have a pool of cars and drivers available to their staff. Most don’t allow the employees’ spouses to drive company cars, and many don’t even let their employees drive. That said, each company has a different policy and it's important to enquire directly to their company to find out more.
Few people buy a personal car due to the expense; a vehicle in Angola can easily cost double what it would cost in the US. The hassles around getting fuel and maintenance are added drawbacks. Petrol is cheap but the limited amount of service stations means that queues are long. Car maintenance is expensive in Angola, as parts frequently have to be imported.
Some expats who have signed on for a long-term stay and don't have contractual restrictions do decide to purchase a vehicle. Many of the large car companies have representation in Luanda, and although buying a new vehicle may be expensive, it can be easier than importing a car.
Most expats live in Luanda Sul, south of the capital, and it’s much easier to get around in a private vehicle there, since traffic congestion isn’t as bad as in the city centre. But, the excess of vehicles in Luanda’s city centre takes congestion to outrageous extremes.
In the rainy season, roads should be navigated with extreme caution, as the many potholes can leave vehicles badly damaged if drivers aren’t careful. Local drivers are also known for aggressive driving. Combined with the fact that few roads are tarred and properly demarcated, this provides further incentive to hire an experienced driver.