Mozambique has a low cost of living. Expats will find this makes living cheaply relatively easy. However, the low cost of living is matched by low salaries, and expats might find it difficult to save while living in Mozambique, especially when earning in the local currency. They will also find certain Western amenities are much costlier than they're used to, and will have to pay a premium if they want to maintain their lifestyle.

Mozambique's capital, Maputo, is ranked 167th out of 227 cities in Mercer's 2022 Cost of Living Survey. The city is ranked higher than Warsaw and Cape Town, but lower than Cairo and Mexico City.


Cost of accommodation in Mozambique

Although houses and apartments tend to be quite spacious, even relatively modest expat accommodation is in short supply. Expats may struggle to find accommodation with the luxuries and utilities they are used to. They will also either have to adapt to living with sporadic water supply and quality, blackouts, brownouts and a certain level of petty theft, or pay a premium to buffer themselves from these factors.

Rent will be expensive, and expats should be aware that there are few laws in place to protect them from rent increases. If moving for work, expats should try to negotiate for accommodation to be included in their contract.


Cost of transport in Mozambique

Public transport in Mozambique is generally unreliable and uncomfortable. Aside from chapas, the local minibuses, there is not much in the way of public transport in the country.

Most expats choose to get around by car, and expats staying for the long term typically buy a car. Outside the major cities, dirt roads are common, and potholes are abundant across the country, so buying a car that can handle rougher terrain is advised. During the rainy season, some roads and bridges are entirely impassable, and expats should always exercise a high level of caution on the country's roads and near its drivers.


Cost of groceries in Mozambique

Groceries are very affordable, especially fresh fruit and vegetable and locally produced food, snacks and soft drinks. Imported products can carry a higher cost and are less likely to be available outside the major cities.


Cost of entertainment and eating out in Mozambique

Eating out in Mozambique can be pricier, especially in establishments aimed at tourists. Outside tourist areas, the prices are naturally lower. Seasoned expats understand that the Mozambican approach to punctuality features in meal preparation as well, and they visit restaurants prepared for a long wait. That said, Mozambique's unique fusion of Portuguese, Arabic and African flavours is irresistibly delicious and a must-try.


Cost of education in Mozambique

The cost of private education in Mozambique is higher than expats might expect. Expats are unlikely to send their children to generally inadequate public schools. Expats and locals who can afford it will send their children to private schools, though these vary in terms of quality, price and language of tuition. International schools are world-class, but are outrageously priced.


Cost of Living in Mozambique chart 

Prices may vary depending on product and service provider. The list below shows average prices in January 2023.

Accommodation (monthly rent)

Three-bedroom apartment in the city centre

MZN 111,000

Three-bedroom apartment outside of the city centre

MZN 79,000

One-bedroom apartment in the city centre

MZN 63,000

One-bedroom apartment outside of the city centre

MZN 15,900

Food and drink

Dozen eggs

MZN 121

Milk (1 litre)

MZN 82

Rice (1kg)

MZN 77

Loaf of white bread

MZN 76

Chicken breasts (1kg)

MZN 230

Pack of cigarettes (Marlboro)

MZN 116

Eating out

Three-course meal for two at a mid-range restaurant

MZN 4,000

Big Mac meal

MZN 360

Coca-Cola (330ml)

MZN 71

Cappuccino

MZN 128

Bottle of beer (local)

MZN 60

Utilities/household

Mobile call rate (per minute – mobile to mobile)

MZN 4.58

Internet (uncapped ADSL or cable – average per month)

MZN 4,200

Basic utilities (average per month for a standard household)

MZN 3,800

Transportation

Taxi rate/km

MZN 250

City-centre public transport fare

MZN 15

Gasoline (per litre)

MZN 74