Essential Info for the United Kingdom

Population: Over 66 million

Capital city: London (also the largest city)

Other major cities: Birmingham, Glasgow, Liverpool, Leeds, Edinburgh, Manchester

Neighbouring countries: The UK shares a land border with the Republic of Ireland. It is separated from France by the British Channel. Other neighbouring countries include Belgium, Norway, Denmark and the Netherlands.

Geography:  The UK is located off the northwestern coast of continental Europe. The majority of the UK is split across two islands – the island of Great Britain and the northeastern part of the island of Ireland. There are also a number smaller surrounding islands that make up the British Isles archipelago.

Major religions: Christianity

Political system: Parliamentary constitutional monarchy

Main languages: English

Money: The currency of the UK is the British Pound Sterling (GBP) which is subdivided into 100 pence. In order to open a bank account in the UK, most banks require proof of a local address and a form of official identification, such as a passport. 

Tipping: 10 to 15 percent of the bill if a service charge has not already been added.

Time: GMT (GMT+1 from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October.)

Electricity: 230 volts, 50Hz. Flat three-pin plugs are standard.

Internet domain: .uk

International dialling code: +44

Emergency contacts: 999 or 112

Transport and driving: Drive on the left-hand side. There is a variety of public transport options available in the UK and the transportation network is generally well-formed, both across the country and within most cities.