Essential Info for China
Population: About 1.4 billion
Capital city: Beijing
Neighbouring countries: Covering a vast expanse of the Asian mainland, China's neighbours include India and Pakistan to the southwest, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan to the west, Mongolia to the north, part of Russia to the northeast, North Korea, South Korea and Japan to the east, and Taiwan to the southeast.
Geography: As the world's third largest country by geographic size, China covers a vast landscape stretching over 3,705,410 square miles (9,596,960 square kilometres). Its diverse terrain includes high plateaus, sunken basins, mountains, desert and coastal regions, and China is home to Asia's longest river, the Yangtze.
Political system: Single-party socialist republic
Major religions: Buddhism, Taoism, Chinese folk religions
Main languages: Mandarin Chinese, with hundreds of local dialects
Money: The Renminbi (RMB), also referred to as the Chinese Yuan (CNY), is the official currency. It is divided into 10 jiao.
Time: GMT +8
Electricity: 220V, 50Hz. Chinese Standard three-pin plugs are most common.
Internet domain: .cn
International dialling code: +86
Emergency contacts: In most major cities the emergency numbers are 110 (police), 120 (ambulance), and 119 (fire)
Transport and driving: Traffic drives on the right-hand side, except in Hong Kong and Macau. The country has an expansive national railway network which includes high-speed trains. Public transport may be difficult to navigate for non-Mandarin speakers.