Essential Info for Oman

Population: About 4.8 million

Capital city: Muscat 

Neighbouring countries: Oman is situated at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, and is bordered by the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest.

Geography: Oman sits at the confluence of the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea. Much of the country is covered by sandy desert, which makes up over 80 percent of the landmass. In the north, a narrow and fertile coastal plain fronts the Gulf of Oman and from there the land rises into the rugged Hajar Mountains. 

Political system: Unitary parliamentary absolute monarchy

Main languages: Arabic is the official language, but English is also widely spoken in business circles.

Major religions: Islam

Money: The Omani Rial (OMR) is the official currency. It is divided into 1,000 baisa. Oman has an established banking system with both local and international banks offering services for expats. It is easy and straightforward for expats to open a bank account.

Tipping: In restaurants, 10 to 15 percent where a service charge has not been added. Round up taxi fare by a couple of OMR.

Time: GMT +4

Electricity: 240 V, 50 Hz. British-style three-point bladed plugs ('type G' plugs) and round two-pin plugs are used.

International dialling code: +968

Internet domain: .om

Emergency numbers: 9999 

Transport and driving: Oman doesn't have an extensive public transport system and most expats choose to own their own vehicle. Cars drive on the right side of the road.