Essential Info for Romania
Population: Over 19.5 million
Capital city: Bucharest (also largest city)
Other major cities: Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara and Iași
Neighbouring countries: Romania is bordered by Moldova and Ukraine to the east, Bulgaria to the south and Serbia and Hungary to the west.
Geography: This Eastern European country sits on the Black Sea and is a mountainous country, with the Carpathian Mountains dominating the country's interior. Romania is dotted with lakes and the Danube River, which forms part of the border with Serbia and Bulgaria, flows into Romania, ending with the Danube Delta (the second largest river delta in Europe) in southeastern Romania.
Political system: Semi-presidential republic
Main languages: Romanian is the official language. English is sometimes spoken in tourist centres and major cities.
Major religions: Christianity is the largest religion in Romania, with Eastern Orthodox being the largest denomination.
Time: GMT +2 (GMT +3 for daylight savings, from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October)
Electricity: 230 volts, 50 Hz. 'Type-F', rounded two-pin plugs are used
Money: The Romanian Leu (RON), divided into 100 bani. ATMs are widely available in the country's urban areas and credit cards are accepted at the majority of establishments.
International dialling code: +40
Emergency numbers: 112
Internet domain: .ro
Transport and driving: Cars drive on the right. Getting around Romania is relatively easy thanks to its developed public transport system.